Interpreting Ceramics | issue 15 | 2013

Conference Papers & Article

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The Romance of Old Blue: collecting and displaying Old Blue Staffordshire China in the American Home c.1870-1938

Anne Anderson


Contents | Home

Subversive Ceramics

Claudia Clare

Clashing with Clay Mother: Pueblo potters who subvert the tradition

Moira Vincentelli

The Romance of Old Blue

Anne Anderson

Ceramics in Higher Education

Lauren Hadley

From Ceramics to the Bronze Age:

Commercializing Sculpture in the United Kingdom and on the Continent – A Juxtaposition
Part lI

Isabel Hufschmidt

Bloomsbury in Dorset


James King


David Cushway, review of exhibition at Soanes House

Pippa Galpin, book review

Sarah Gee, review of Julian Stair exhibition

Kate Wilson, exhibition review

Tessa Peters, review of Christie Brown exhibition

Kate Wilson, book review


NB. A Word document is available to download at the end of each article.

Appendix 1: Hurst Provenances

A M Burritt, NY, 1903
Catalogue of historical blue china ..., antique Chinese porcelains and scarce etchings and prints collected during the last thirty years by A. Melrose Burritt, Waterbury, Connecticut, American Art Galleries New York, 25th and 26th March 1903

Charles L. Pendleton, Providence 1904
Charles Leonard Pendleton of Providence, RI (1846-1904). After his death pieces were bequeathed to the Rhode Island Historical Society.  Pictures of the house at No.72 Waterman Street; Antiquarian, V: 3, Oct 1925: 23-25. 

E.B. Holden NY 1910.           
Edwin Babcock Holden, Part II Rare Historical China and Other American, American Art Association. April 21-May 5 1910

Thomas E.H. Curtis, NY, 1912 and 1919 also collected antiquities and oriental wares.
Staffordshire pottery, European porcelain and miscellaneous objects of art. Anderson Galleries.ND.

F.C. Morse, NY, 1912 Frances Morse, daughter of Emma Morse
Historical China and other objects …Miss Frances Clary Morse, American Art Association, NY, March 6 1912.

J.T. Whiting, Boston, 1912.
Catalogue of antiques including the balance of the collection of the late J. T. Whiting of Dorchester, April 1-6. Boston: C. F. Libbie, 1912.

Albert A Merritt, NY, 1913
Bronzes, marbles, porcelains, Early American furniture, glass bottles, historical blue china. Anderson Galleries,1913.

Dr Pleasant Hunter, NY, 1913 and 1915 and 1920
Illustrated catalogue of Historical Blue and White China …collected by the connoisseur Dr Pleasant Hunter of Newark NJ. China authenticated by Dr Edwin Atlee Barber, American Art Gallerie NY, January 30-February 1 1913.

Mrs C.W. Samson NY 1913
Collection of the late Mrs Clarissa W. Samson of West Medford, Mass. American Art Galleries/American Art Association, January 1-9 1913.

C.E. Locke, 1916
The Extensive Collection of Charles E. Locke….Catalogue…American Art Association, May18-24 1916.

A. D. Bernard NY 1917
Catalogue of rare and choice specimens of Old Staffordshire historical blue and white china, Oriental porcelains, textiles and other objects.American Art Association, May 1-2 1917.

Miss Florence J. Chauncey, 1917           
Florence Isabel Chauncey of Brooklyn. Catalogue of rare and choice specimens of Old Staffordshire Historical Blue, American Art Association, May 1-2 1917.

Charles H Miller, NY, 1918.
Rare and choice specimens of old English and American china, rare color-glass, old Dutch copper and brass and other interesting specimens, American Art Association, Nov 25-26, 1918.

Edwin Isham and George Devoll  NY 1919
Fine Antique Furniture and other artistic properties of the amateurs Messrs Edwin Isham and George Devoll, American Art Association, Nov 15 1919.
HFDP purchase see Bill

Charles Bellows, NY, 1920.
Catalogue of books on China and pottery, autographs and New York views ; the collection of Mr. Charles Bellows of Brooklyn, New York.American Art Association. March 29 1920.

Frederick William Hunter 1920
Rare and beautiful Oriental art treasures and Anglo-American china and American glass. American Art Association, January 7-14, 1920.

Fifth afternoon's sale of the noteworthy collection of Frederick William Hunter. Staffordshire pottery, American Art Association January 12 1920.

Mrs E. Sutton, NY, 1920

William Lanier Washington, NY, 1920
Illustrated catalogue of original letters and documents, statuary, medallions, snuffboxes, watches, clocks, silver and other relics or memorabilia of or belonging to George Washington. To be sold without reserve or restriction by order of Mr. William Lanier Washington on Friday and Saturday, Feb. 6th and 7th, 1920, American Art Association, February 6-7 1920.

Mrs Franklin Bartlett, NY, 1921
Antique English, American and French silver, gold and silver snuffboxes, bronzes, medals, china ... a collection of watches ... valuable modern silver, American Art Association,  Nov 14 1918.

Illustrated catalogue of the collection of early American, English, and French furniture : including examples by Duncan Phyfe and Thomas Goddard ... formed by the late Mrs. Franklin Bartlett of New York. American Art Association, January 13-14 1921.

L.G. Myers, 1921.
Illustrated catalogue of ... early American and English furniture and othercontemporaneous treasures : ... formed by ...Mr. Louis Guerineau Myers of New York. February 24-26 1921.
The private collection of the late Louis Guerineau Myers. Duncan Phyfe; Sheraton and Hepplewhite; rare pewter, glass, porcelains, hooked and Oriental rugs.
Appreciation by R. T. H. Halsey April 7-9 1932.

Guy Morrison Walker, New York, 1921

J. Louis Isaacs, New York, 1922.
Selections from the collection of J. Louis Isaacs, Old English and early American pewter, European and early American porcelain, pottery and glass, Chinese Lowestoft, Wedgwood ware, blue and white, historical china, Sheffield plate and fine silver, shawls, samplers, ornaments, Oriental rugs, early American furniture. Anderson Galleries.

Jacob Paxson Temple, NY 1922
Early American Glass, Dutch Pottery, lustre, historical china./..Jacob Paxon Temple, Chester County, Pa., Anderson Galleries, March 1-3 1923.

William Whiting Nolen 1923 1924
The collection of the late William Whiting Nolen of Cambridge, Mass. Pt.1 Early American and Anglo-American furniture and objects of art. To be sold ... Oct. 29th, 30th, 31st- Nov.1st American Art Association, October 29-November 1, 1923.

Collection of William Whiting Nolen Part 3: 18th and 19th century American furniture, blue and white Staffordshire ware with American views, fine examples of lustre ware, Whieldon, Wedgwood, Saxe, Bow, Lowestoft, Staffordshire figures, English and American paintings of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, early Stiegel and Wistarburg glass. American Art Association. March 6-8 1924.

Mabel Wright 1925, Part 2 Nov 13th
Lustre ware-Staffordshire- Lowestoft- Liverpool including the exceptional collection of Miss Mabel Wright, Shelton, Connecticut. Part 2, The Anderson Galleries, Nov 16-17, 1925.

George Kellogg, 1925
Historical Old Blue Staffordshire…the collection of the late George Kellogg, Amsterdam, New York, New York: American Art Association, November 6-7 1925.

Alexander M. Hudnut, 1926
The Hudnut Collection Old Blue Staffordshire and other china of historical interest; Historical Old Blue Staffordshire Also Staffordshire decorated with Dr Syntax and Wilkie Views and some miscellaneous china of historic interest and value. American Art Association, Thursday November 4, 1926.

Richard Guinea, 1934.
English furniture and decorations...collection of Richard Guinea: Staffordshire and Rockingham ware, Dresden, Spode and other porcelains....October 19-20 1934.

J. C. Tomlinson NY 1935
A splendid collection of early blue Staffordshire china….property of Mrs John Canfield Tomlinson, Jr, of New York, American Art Association, Dec 4 1935.
HFDP one piece bought see Bill           

Winthrop Brown, NY, 1937,
American furniture, silver, glass, Chinese porcelains and pottery, blue Staffordshire, Oriental Lowestoft, transfer-printed and lustred ware, Delft pottery, Oriental rugs ; the collection of Mr. & Mrs. G. Winthrop Brown, Boston, Mass. American Art Association, January 22-23, 1937.

Charles Woolsey Lyon Inc, NY.


Works Cited

Arman, David and Linda,  First Supplement Historical Staffordshire: an illustrated check list, Danville, Virginia, Arman Enterprises, 1977.

‘Art at Home and Abroad. Interest in Mrs Abraham Lansing collection of pottery at the Metropolitan Museum and the Ten Eyck gift to the Albany Historical and Art Society’, New York Times on-line Sept 11th 1910.

Barber, Edwin AtLee,  Anglo-American Pottery Old English China with American Views. A Manual for Collectors, Philadelphia, Patterson and White Company, 1899.

Betsky, Celia, ‘Inside the Past: the Interior and the Colonial Revival in American Art and Literature 1860-1914’, in Alan Axelrod (ed) The Colonial Revival in America, Winterthur, Delaware, The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, 1985, pp.241-77.

‘Blue and White China’, The Art Amateur: a monthly journal devoted to art in the household, 5: 2, July 1881, p.41

Buckley, L.J., Antiques and Their History, Binghamton, Buckley of Binghamton, 1928.

Camehl, Ada Walker, The Blue China Book, New York, E.P. Dutton, 1916.

Catalogue of the Morse Collection of American Historical Pottery, Worcester, Mass, Worcester, Mass, American Antiquarian Society, 1916.

‘China sales net $30,490 Highest Price Yesterday, $1,100 for a Staffordshire Platter’, New York Times on-line, November 8th 1925.

Copeland, Robert, Spode’s Willow Pattern and Other designs after the Chinese, New York, Rizzoli International Publications, 1980.

‘Curio’, ‘Private Collections Dr Hammond’s Bric-a-Brac’, The Art Amateur,1:1, June 1879, p.13.
 ‘Dr Merritt’s Collection of Blue Staffordshire, events pottery, serious, humorous, picturesque’, The Antiquarian, 3:6, January 1925, pp.19-29.

Dyer, Walter A., The Lure of the Antique, Being a book of ready reference for collectors, New York, Century Company, 1910.

Earle, Alice Morse, China Collecting in America,New York, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1892

‘Eugene Tompkins’, New York Times on-line, Feb 23rd 1909.

Fennelly, Catherine Something Blue Some American Views on Staffordshire, Old Sturbridge, Old Sturbridge Booklet Series, 1967.

Fielding, Mantle, Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors and Engravers, New York, Paul A Struck, 1945.

‘George Kellogg’, New York State Men, Albany, NY, Argus Art Press, 1919.

Guthrie, Jane W., ‘Old Blue and White’, Godey’s Magazine, February 1898, pp.152-9.

Hamilton, Walter, The Aesthetic Movement in England, London, Reeves & Turner, 1882.

Halsey, R.T. Haines, Pictures of Early New York on Dark Blue Staffordshire Pottery, together with pictures of Boston and New England Philadelphia, the South and the West, New York, Dodd, Mead and Company, 1899.

Henrywood, Dick, ‘The States Border Series by Ralph and James Clews’,  Robert Hunter (ed) Ceramics in America, 2011, Hanover and London, Chipstone Foundation, 2011, pp.101-110.           
Hollingworth, Alexander T., Old Blue and White Nankin China, Odd Volumes 26, London, privately printed, 1891.

‘Hudnut Sells Out’, New York Times on-line, Dec 31st 1889.

Hudnut, Alexander M., ‘Some Notable Collections of Old Blue Staffordshire China’, American Homes and Gardens, IV: 1, January 1907, pp.21- 27.
___‘Dark Blue Staffordshire. The Dr Syntax Poem and the Syntax Plates’, AHAG, VIII: 5 May 1911, pp.174-178.
___‘Dark Blue Staffordshire Historical China Depicting American Scenes Suggestions to Inexperienced Collectors’, AHAG, VIII: 6 June 1911, pp.236-240.

Kellogg, Alice M., Home Furnishing Practical and Artistic, New York, Frederick A Stokes, 1904.

Keyes, Homer Eaton, ‘The Boston State House in Blue Staffordshire,  Antiques, 1:3, March 1922, pp. 115-120.
Kowaleski-Wallace, Elizabeth, Consuming Subjects: Women, Shopping and Business in the Eighteenth Century, New York, Columbia University Press, 1997.

Lamb, Charles, ‘Old China’ (1823), Essays of Elia, London, Morley’s Universal Library, 1885, pp.148-51.

Larsen, Ellouise Baker, American Historical Views on Staffordshire China, New York, Doubleday, Doran & Co, 1939.

Laidacker, Sam, Auction Supplement to the Standard Catalogue of Anglo-American China…during  the period June 1944-Jan 1949, Bristol, PA, Sam Laidacker, 1949.

Martin, Ann Smart, ‘Magical, Mythical, Practical, and Sublime: The Meanings and Uses of Ceramics in America’, Robert Hunter (ed) Ceramics in America 2001, Hanover and London, Chipstone Foundation, 2001, pp.29-46.

McCracken, Grant, Culture and Consumption New Approaches to the Symbolic Character of Consumer Goods and Activities, Bloomingdale and Indianapolis, Indiana University Press, 1988. 
Merrit, Arthur H.,  ‘A Recent ‘Find’ A six and one-half inch rare plate with the flower and fruit border is found in an Indiana town’, The Antiquarian, 6  January 1926, p.19.
___, ‘The Romance of Old Blue China’, reprinted from The New-York Historical Society, Quarterly Bulletin, October 1944. 

Miller, George L., ‘A Revised Set of CC Index Values for Classification and Economic Scaling of English Ceramics from 1787 to 1880’, Historical Archaeology, 25: 1, 1991, pp.1-23.

Moore, N. Hudson, The Old China Book including Staffordshire, Wedgwood, Lustre and other English Pottery and Porcelain, New York, Frederick A. Stokes Company, 1903.

‘Mr Deming Jarvis’s Collection of Chinese Porcelain at Detroit, USA’, Connoisseur, 1:3, Nov 1901, pp.135-140.

O’Hara, Patricia, ‘The Willow Pattern that We Knew”: The Victorian Literature of Blue Willow’, Victorian Studies 36 (Summer 1993) pp.421-42.

Pierson, Stacey, Collectors, Collections and Museums: The Field of Chinese Ceramics in Britain, 1560-1960, Bern, Peter Lang, 2007.

Prime, William Cowper, Pottery and Porcelain of All Times and All Nations, With tables of factory and artist’s marks for the use of collectors, New York, Harper & Brothers 1878.

‘Remainder of the Historical Staffordshire, Copper and Lustre’, New York Times on-line, March 27th 1903.

Robineau, Samuel E., Old China Price list of a very fine collection, old Staffordshire ware and miscellaneous pieces of old china, offered at private sale, Syracuse, NY, Keramic Studio Publishing Co.

Ruff, Joshua and William Ayres, ‘H.F. Du Pont’s Chestertown House, Southampton, New York’, Antiques, 160, 1 July 2001, pp. 98-107.

Schaffer, Talia, Forgotten Female Aesthetes: Literary Culture in Late Victorian Britain, Charlottesville and London, University Press of Virginia, 2000.

Schwartz, Marvin D., ‘Antiques: Staffordshire is In Again; Public Shows Growing Interest in Pottery’, New York Times on-line, June 26th 1971.
Shaw, Simeon, History of the Staffordshire Potteries and the Rise and Progress of the Manufacture of Pottery and Porcelain [1829], Great Neck, New York, Beatrice C. Weinstock, reprinted 1968. 

Slosson, Annie Trumbull, The China Hunter’s Club, New York, Harper & Brothers, 1878.

Smith, Mabel Woods,  Angelo-American Historical China Descriptive catalogue with prices for which the pieces were sold at the New York Auction Art Galleries in the years 1920, 1921, 1922 and 1923, Chicago, Robert O. Ballou, 1924.

Stillinger, Elizabeth,  The Antiquers, The lives and careers, the deals, the finds, the collections of the men and women who were responsible for the changing taste in American antiques, 1850-1930, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1980.

Storey, Walter Randell, ‘The Don Quixote Series Dark Blue Staffordshire Tableware of a Century Ago’, The Antiquarian, 4:5, June 1925, pp.24-34.

Vaughan, Malcolm, ‘The Vogue of Blue Staffordshire’, Crockery and Glass Journal, 103:24, Dec 16 1926, p.114-16.
Vincentelli, Moira, Woman and Ceramics: Gendered Vessels, Manchester, MUP, 2000.

Wheeler, Candace, Principles of Home Decoration with Practical Examples, New York, Doubleday, Page & Co, 1908.


Catalogues (by date)

Catalogue of historical blue china ..., antique Chinese porcelains and scarce etchings and prints collected during the last thirty years by A. Melrose Burritt, Waterbury, Connecticut American Art Galleries New York, 25th and 26th March 1903
Rare Historical Blue China Antique Chinese Porcelains and exceedingly scarce etchings and prints.  American Art Galleries New York, March 25th and 26th 1903.
Colonial Furniture and Old English Silver, the Collection of Robert L. Forrest, Esq, Philadelphia, Anderson Auction Company, New York, February 5-6th 1912.

Historical China and other objects …Miss Frances Clary Morse, American Art Association, New York, March 6th 1912.

The Notable Percy R. Pyne the Second, Collection, American Art Galleries.
Notable Collection of Views of New York…Historical China, American Art Association, Feb 5th  1917.

The Collection of the Late George Kellogg, Amsterdam, NY, American Art Association New York Nov 6-7th, 1925.
Historical Old Blue Staffordshire…the collection of the late George Kellogg, Amsterdam, New York, New York: American Art Association, November 6-7th 1925

The Hudnut Collection Old Blue Staffordshire and other china of historical interest; Historical Old Blue Staffordshire Also Staffordshire decorated with Dr Syntax and Wilkie Views and some miscellaneous china of historic interest and value. American Art Association, New York, Thursday November 4th, 1926.

The Alexander M. Hudnut Collection of Duncan Phyfe and other fine XVIII century American furniture and decorations, American Art Association, New York, 1927.

Paintings and Drawings of John Francis Murphy: the only large collection of Murphy’s works; paintings presented by the artist to his wife and sketches and drawings never offered for sale before, American Art Association, New York, 1926.

The Important Library of Alexander M Hudnut of New York City: Doves, Essex House and Kelmscott Presses, first editions of Dickens, Thackery, Kipling, American Art Association, New York, 1926.

Historical Blue Staffordshire China-Collection formed by the late Eugene Tompkins with examples from the Collection of the late Mrs John E. Alexandre, New York: Anderson Galleries, 1937.

The William Randolph Hearst Collection Part II, Early American Furniture and Historical Blue Staffordshire, Nov 17-19th, 1938, New York, Parke-Bernet Galleries.

Mary Margaret Yeager Sale, Parke-Bernet, New York, March 20th  1943.           

Historical Blue Staffordshire…the collection of R.T. Haines Halsey, Sotheby Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, Nov 11-12th, 1943.

Historical Blue Staffordshire China collection formed by the late Eugene Tompkins and from the collection of the late Mrs John E. Alexandre….American Art Association, February 19th 1937.
George Horace Lorimer Part 1 Parke-Bernet, New York, March 29, 30, 31, April 1st, 1944.
Part II October 24,25,26,27th, 1944.

Mrs J Amory Haskell collection sold 1944-45
Mrs J Amory Haskell Part I Parke-Bernet, April 26th, 1944
Part II May 17 and 18th, 1944.
Part III Oct 11 and 12th, 1944
Part IV Nov 8 and 9th, 1944.
Part V NY Dec 7 and 8th, 1944
Part VI NY, Feb 13-4th, 1945.


The Romance of Old Blue • Issue 15

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